GNUstep under Ubuntu Linux

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Revision as of 14:32, 9 January 2014
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Mention the GNUstep weekly PPA. Right now this PPA is empty, but will be populated the next few days.
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-Objective C 2.0 on a fresh install of Ubuntu 12.10 Server+The most simple way to get an up-to-date installation of GNUstep on Debian or Ubuntu is to add the [https://launchpad.net/~gnustep-dev/+archive/weekly GNUstep weekly PPA] to your distribution sources, provided by the GNUstep Developers team on Launchpad. On how to do this in detail, see the PPA page.
-* Uses llvm/clang source to ensure all the latest features are available.+== Compiling manually ==
-* Also works on Ubuntu 13.10 Desktop.+
-* Includes GUI at the end+
-* When compiling, it is generally good to tell clang both the family and version of the runtime: -fobjc-runtime=gnustep-1.7+
-(The current version number can be had by looking at the latest ANNOUNCE filename in http://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/libs/libobjc2/trunk/ (e.g., ANNOUNCE.1.7))+
-<pre>+* Uses clang and libobjc2 for all the new features like ARC, Blocks, etc.
-# Objective C 2.0 on a fresh install of Ubuntu 12.10 Server+* Works with a fresh install and likely with a more completed installation.
 +* Works on Ubuntu 12.10 Server.
 +* Works on Ubuntu 13.10 Desktop.
 +* If you're trying Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop, see bottom of the page for help.
 +After this, you can try to install EtoileOS: see [[EtoileOS under Ubuntu Linux]].
 +
 +<pre>
sudo apt-get install aptitude sudo apt-get install aptitude
# Dependencies # Dependencies
Line 74: Line 76:
clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -fobjc-arc -lobjc blocktest.m clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -fobjc-arc -lobjc blocktest.m
-clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobj-arc -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -fobjc-arc -lobjc -ldispatch -lgnustep-base Fraction.m helloGCD_objc.m+clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -lobjc -ldispatch -lgnustep-base Fraction.m helloGCD_objc.m
Line 204: Line 206:
 +</pre>
 +
 +
 +* General Note: When compiling, it is generally good to tell clang both the family and version of the runtime: -fobjc-runtime=gnustep-1.7
 +(The current version number can be had by looking at the latest ANNOUNCE filename in http://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/libs/libobjc2/trunk/ (e.g., ANNOUNCE.1.7))
 +
 +
 +<b>Ubuntu 12.04 Help</b>
 +
 +In Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop, I found that running make -j8 in llvm failed with a "syntax error in VERSION script" error.
 +
 +I was able to overcome it by doing the following steps <b>after getting the error</b>:
 +
 +<pre>
 +# After make -j8 returned a syntax error in VERSION script error
 +cd ~/llvm/build
 +make clean
 +cd ~/llvm/build/tools/lto
 +make -j8
 +cd ~/llvm/build
 +make -j8
</pre> </pre>

Revision as of 14:32, 9 January 2014

The most simple way to get an up-to-date installation of GNUstep on Debian or Ubuntu is to add the GNUstep weekly PPA to your distribution sources, provided by the GNUstep Developers team on Launchpad. On how to do this in detail, see the PPA page.

Compiling manually

  • Uses clang and libobjc2 for all the new features like ARC, Blocks, etc.
  • Works with a fresh install and likely with a more completed installation.
  • Works on Ubuntu 12.10 Server.
  • Works on Ubuntu 13.10 Desktop.
  • If you're trying Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop, see bottom of the page for help.

After this, you can try to install EtoileOS: see EtoileOS under Ubuntu Linux.

sudo apt-get install aptitude
# Dependencies
sudo aptitude -y install build-essential git subversion ninja cmake
# Dependencies for GNUStep Base
sudo aptitude -y install libffi-dev libxml2-dev libgnutls-dev libicu-dev 
# Dependencies for libdispatch
sudo aptitude -y install libblocksruntime-dev libkqueue-dev libpthread-workqueue-dev autoconf libtool

cd ~
git clone git://github.com/nickhutchinson/libdispatch.git
svn co http://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/modules/core
svn co http://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/libs/libobjc2/trunk libobjc2
svn co http://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/llvm/trunk llvm
cd llvm/tools
svn co http://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/cfe/trunk clang

cd ~/llvm
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make -j8   # 8=your number of build CPUs

echo "export PATH=\$PATH:~/llvm/build/bin" >> ~/.bashrc
echo "export CC=clang"  >> ~/.bashrc
echo "export CXX=clang++" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc
clang -v
clang++ -v

cd ~/libobjc2
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make -j8
sudo -E make install

cd ~/core/make
./configure --enable-debug-by-default --with-layout=gnustep --enable-objc-nonfragile-abi
make && sudo -E make install
echo ". /usr/GNUstep/System/Library/Makefiles/GNUstep.sh" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

sudo /sbin/ldconfig

cd ~/core/base/
./configure
make -j8
sudo -E make install

cd ~/libdispatch
sh autogen.sh
./configure CFLAGS="-I/usr/include/kqueue" LDFLAGS="-lkqueue -lpthread_workqueue -pthread -lm"
make -j8
sudo -E make install
sudo ldconfig

# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# TEST COMPILING SOME CODE FROM THE INTERNET
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

You can compile the following code with:

clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -fobjc-arc -lobjc  blocktest.m 

clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs` -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -lobjc -ldispatch -lgnustep-base  Fraction.m helloGCD_objc.m



cat > blocktest.m << EOF
#include <stdio.h>

int main() {
    void (^hello)(void) = ^(void) {
        printf("Hello, block!\n");
    };
    hello();
    return 0;
}
EOF

cat > helloGCD_objc.m << EOF

#include <dispatch/dispatch.h>
#import <stdio.h>
#import "Fraction.h"

int main( int argc, const char *argv[] ) {
   dispatch_queue_t queue = dispatch_queue_create(NULL, NULL); 
   Fraction *frac = [[Fraction alloc] init];

   [frac setNumerator: 1];
   [frac setDenominator: 3];

   // print it
   dispatch_sync(queue, ^{
     printf( "The fraction is: " );
     [frac print];
     printf( "\n" );
   });
   dispatch_release(queue);

   return 0;
}

EOF

cat > Fraction.h << EOF

#import <Foundation/NSObject.h>

@interface Fraction: NSObject {
   int numerator;
   int denominator;
}

-(void) print;
-(void) setNumerator: (int) n;
-(void) setDenominator: (int) d;
-(int) numerator;
-(int) denominator;
@end

EOF


cat > Fraction.m << EOF
#import "Fraction.h"
#import <stdio.h>

@implementation Fraction
-(void) print {
   printf( "%i/%i", numerator, denominator );
}

-(void) setNumerator: (int) n {
   numerator = n;
}

-(void) setDenominator: (int) d {
   denominator = d;
}

-(int) denominator {
   return denominator;
}

-(int) numerator {
   return numerator;
}
@end

EOF


# ------------------------------------------------------
# ADDITIONAL OPTIONAL STEPS FOR INSTALLING GUI AND BACK
# (i.e., if you're running Ubuntu Desktop)
# ------------------------------------------------------

sudo aptitude install -y libjpeg-dev libtiff-dev
sudo aptitude install -y libcairo-dev libx11-dev:i386 libxt-dev

cd ~/core/gui
./configure
make -j8
sudo -E make install

cd ~/core/back
./configure
make -j8
sudo -E make install

You can compile the following code with:

clang `gnustep-config --objc-flags` `gnustep-config --objc-libs`  -fobjc-runtime=gnustep -fblocks -lobjc -fobjc-arc -ldispatch -lgnustep-base -lgnustep-gui  guitest.m



cat > guitest.m << EOF
#import <AppKit/AppKit.h>

int main()
{
NSApplication *app;  // Without these 2 lines, seg fault may occur
app = [NSApplication sharedApplication];

NSAlert * alert = [[NSAlert alloc] init];
[alert setMessageText:@"Hello alert"];
[alert addButtonWithTitle:@"All done"];
[alert runModal];
}
EOF



  • General Note: When compiling, it is generally good to tell clang both the family and version of the runtime: -fobjc-runtime=gnustep-1.7

(The current version number can be had by looking at the latest ANNOUNCE filename in http://svn.gna.org/svn/gnustep/libs/libobjc2/trunk/ (e.g., ANNOUNCE.1.7))


Ubuntu 12.04 Help

In Ubuntu 12.04 Desktop, I found that running make -j8 in llvm failed with a "syntax error in VERSION script" error.

I was able to overcome it by doing the following steps after getting the error:

# After make -j8 returned a syntax error in VERSION script error
cd ~/llvm/build
make clean
cd ~/llvm/build/tools/lto
make -j8
cd ~/llvm/build
make -j8