Using Subversion

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Revision as of 06:58, 31 January 2006; view current revision
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Setting up Subversion for Developer Use

The first thing you will want to do is setup the ssh access to If you cannot type

svn list svn+ssh://

without having to type a password or in some way change the above command, you will need to visit the Svn SSH Setup page (this includes if you have to specify a different user).

Some background on repository layout

To familiarize yourself with the layout, I would recommend looking at the web-access to svn for GNUstep. You will notice that every project is in its own portion of the repository. For example:




This layout is very handy for having a per-project repository. I can easily branch or tag just /libs/gui and it all stays in its own namespace. However, what this DOES mean is that you cannot simply checkout /libs/gui or you will end up with several copies of the source. To get around this, we are using a nifty feature of Subversion called externals. Externals are metadata on a directory that basically tell the svn client to checkout some other url into a subdirectory when it is checked out. So if I type:

svn proplist -v svn+ssh://

It will tell me that the svn:externals property contains:

gui     svn+ssh://
back    svn+ssh://
base    svn+ssh://
make    svn+ssh://

So everytime I checkout /devmodules/core the svn client will automatically go to these URLs and check them out into subdirectories. When I make changes in gui/ and commit them, it will really commit to /libs/gui/trunk. For the most part if you checkout /devmodules, the externals have already been setup such that it will checkout something similar to checking out the whole repository before.

Tips, Tricks, and Resources